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Are Micronations Legal

Unlike true secessionist movements, micronations are generally considered trivial. This may be because a micronation has no basis in national and international law for its claim to independence. It may also be because micronations don`t usually pose a security threat. In 1981, based on a report on Leicester Hemingway`s “New Atlantis,” novelist Hisashi Inoue wrote a 700-page book of magic realism, Kirikirijin, about a village seceding from Japan and states that its bumpy and marginalized dialect is its national language and the ensuing war of independence. This alone inspired a large number of Japanese villages, especially in the northern regions, to “declare independence”, usually as a step to raise awareness of their unique culture and craftsmanship for urban Japanese who regarded village life as backward and uneducated. These micronations even held “international summits” from 1983 to 1985, and some of them formed confederations. In the 1980s, there was a “micronation boom” in Japan that brought many urban tourists to these stubborn villages. But the severe economic impact of Japan`s asset price bubble in 1991 ended the boom. Many villages were forced to merge with the big cities, and micronations and confederations were usually dissolved. [22] Micronations generally have a number of common characteristics, although these can be very different.

They may have a structure similar to that of established sovereign states, including land claims, government institutions, official symbols, and citizens, albeit on a much smaller scale. Micronations are often quite small, both in their claimed territory and in their claimed populations – although there are some exceptions to this rule, with different micronations having different citizenship methods. Micronations can also issue formal instruments such as stamps, coins, banknotes and passports, and confer honors and titles of nobility. After fifty years in which the financial challenges are becoming overwhelming, the Principality of Hutt River is coming to an end. It closed its borders and public offices in January 2020, highlighting declining farm incomes, falling tourist numbers and rising costs associated with running a small country. After Prince Leonard`s death in 2019, his youngest son, Prince Graeme, decided to sell the farm to pay a $3 million tax bill. It seems that even micronations cannot avoid these two certainties in life: death and taxes. • Australia does not recognize the Yidindji sovereign government, but that does not mean it is a micronation. Indigenous nations do much more than carry out or imitate acts of sovereignty.

Their claim to sovereignty is much more entrenched and accepted in international law and in countries like the United States, Canada and Aotearoa New Zealand. Even though Australian law does not recognize their inherent sovereignty, their claim is very different from that of micronations. The evolution of international law has affected the concepts of international legal personality. Although states have historically been considered the only subjects of international law, today a variety of non-state entities, including “international organizations, individuals, minorities, corporations, and even animals and rivers,” enjoy a form of international personality. Nevertheless, in the creation of international law and popular consciousness, the perception remains that States are “of the utmost importance”. It is still true, as James Crawford noted, that international forums are “created and ultimately controlled by states or intergovernmental organizations, and it is these entities that remain the guardians and legislators of the international system.” A state claim could be seen as a ticket to this system and the associated privileges and immunities that accompany it. A micronation expresses a formal and persistent claim, if not recognized, of sovereignty over a physical territory. Micronations are different from true secessionist movements; The activities of micronations are almost always trivial enough to be ignored rather than questioned by the established nations whose territory they claim. Several micronations issued coins, flags, stamps, passports, medals, and other state-related items, often as a source of income. Micronations can make a decent profit by attracting tourists. The Principality of Hutt River in Australia welcomed thousands of tourists every year.

Many micronations sell state symbols such as stamps, coins, and passports. As long as the “nation” admits that its passport has no legal value, but is only a collector`s item, it is likely that recognized states will allow its design and sale.

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